The History of Cairns and North Queensland
What is now the city Cairns Australia was inhabited by the Walubarra Yidinji People that still recognizes their indigenous property rights. They are known in the local Yideiny language as Gimuy.
In 1710 James Cook first mapped the future site known as Cairns naming it Trinity Bay. Several Official expeditions gave the area a closer look 100 years later and decided it had potential for development into a port.
In 1876 Cairns was founded and was greatly needed to export gold discovered on the tablelands to the west of the inlet.
The area was mostly mangrove swamps and sand ridges. .
The swamps were gradually cleared and the sand ridges were filled in with dried mud, sawdust from the local saw mills and ballast from a quarry at Edge Hill.
The railway opened up the lands so they could be used for agriculture on the lowlands. With this agriculture came the creation of a harbour board in 1906 and helps Cairns to establish itself as a port.
This helped support the economic future of Cairns.
During WWII Cairns Australia made its military history with the Allied forces as a staging base for operations in the pacific with US Army Air Force. And the Royal Australian Air Force.
Combat missions were flown out of Cairns in support of the Battle of the Coral Sea, in 1942. After the war Cairns developed into a centre for tourism.
The opening of the Cairns International Airport, in 1984 helped the city as a desirable destination for international tourist.
With its rich history and tropical warm climate tourism plays a major role in the economy of Cairns.
The region is the 4th popular destination for international tourists in Australia after Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane.
The region is full of wonderful sights to visit and remember for a lifetime.You will love Cairns Australia